Ventricular shunt


A ventricular shunt is a tube that is surgically placed in one of the fluid-filled chambers inside the brain (ventricles). The fluid around the brain and the spinal column is called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). When infection or disease causes an excess of CSF in the ventricles, the shunt is placed to drain it and thereby relieve excess pressure.


A ventricular shunt relieves hydrocephalus, a condition in which there is an increased volume of CSF within the ventricles. In hydrocephalus, pressure from the CSF usually increases. It may be caused by a tumor of the brain or of the membranes covering the brain (meninges), infection of or bleeding into the CSF, or inborn malformations of the brain. Symptoms of hydrocephalus may include headache, personality disturbances and loss of intellectual abilities (dementia), problems in walking, irritability, vomiting, abnormal eye movements, or a low level of consciousness.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (a condition in which the volume of CSF increases without an increase in pressure) is associated with progressive dementia, problems walking, and loss of bladder control (urinary incontinence). Even though CSF is not thought to be under increased pressure in this condition, it may also be treated by ventricular shunting.


The congenital form of hydrocephalus is believed to occur at an incidence of approximately one to four out of every 1,000 births. The incidence of acquired hydrocephalus is not exactly known. The peak ages for the development of hydrocephalus are in infancy, between four and eight years, and in early adulthood. Normal pressure hydrocephalus generally occurs in patients over the age of 60.


The ventricular shunt tube is placed to drain fluid from the ventricular system in the brain to the cavity of the abdomen or to the large vein in the neck (jugular vein). Therefore, surgical procedures must be done both in the brain and at the drainage site. The tubing contains valves to ensure that fluid can only flow out of the brain and not back into it. The valve can be set at a desired pressure to allow CSF to escape whenever the pressure level is exceeded.

A small reservoir may be attached to the tubing and placed under the scalp. This reservoir allows samples of CSF to be removed with a syringe to check the pressure. Fluid from the reservoir can also be examined for bacteria, cancer cells, blood, or protein, depending on the cause of hydrocephalus. The reservoir may also be used to inject antibiotics for CSF infection or chemotherapy medication for meningeal tumors.


The diagnosis of hydrocephalus should be confirmed by diagnostic imaging techniques, such as computed tomography scan (CT scan) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), before the shunting procedure is performed. These techniques will also show any associated brain abnormalities. CSF should be examined if infection or tumor of the meninges is suspected. Patients with dementia or mental retardation should undergo neuropsychological testing to establish a baseline psychological profile before the shunting procedure.

As with any surgical procedure, the surgeon must know about any medications or health problems that may increase the patient's risk. Because infections are both common and serious, antibiotics are often given before and after surgery.


To avoid infections at the shunt site, the area should be kept clean. CSF should be checked periodically by the doctor to be sure there is no infection or bleeding into the shunt. CSF pressure should be checked to be sure the shunt is operating properly. The eyes should be examined regularly because shunt failure may damage the nerve to the eyes (optic nerve). If not treated promptly, damage to the optic nerve causes irreversible loss of vision.


Serious and long-term complications of ventricular shunting are bleeding under the outermost covering of the brain (subdural hematoma), infection, stroke, and shunt failure. When a shunt drains to the abdomen (ventriculoperitoneal shunt), fluid may accumulate in the abdomen or abdominal organs may be injured. If CSF pressure is lowered too much, patients may have severe headaches, often with nausea and vomiting, whenever they sit up or stand.

Normal results

After shunting, the ventricles get smaller within three or four days. This shrinkage occurs even when hydrocephalus has been present for a year or more. Clinically detectable signs of improvement occur within a few weeks. The cause of hydrocephalus, duration of hydrocephalus before shunting, and associated brain abnormalities affect the outcome.

Of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus who are treated with shunting, 25–80% experience long-term improvement. Normal pressure hydrocephalus is more likely to improve when it is caused by infection of or bleeding into the CSF than when it occurs without an underlying cause.

Morbidity and mortality rates

Complications of shunting occur in 30% of cases, but only 5% are serious. Infections occur in 5–10% of patients, and as many as 80% of shunts develop a mechanical problem at some point and need to be replaced.


In some cases of hydrocephalus, certain drugs may be administered to temporarily decrease the amount of CSF until surgery can be performed. In patients with hydrocephalus caused by a tumor, removal of the tumor often cures the buildup of CSF. Approximately 25% of patients respond to therapies other than shunt placement.

Patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus may experience a temporary improvement in walking and mental abilities upon the temporary drainage of a moderate amount of CSF. This improvement may be an indication that shunting will improve their condition.



Aldrich, E. Francois, Lawrence S. Chin, Arthur J. DiPatri, and Howard M. Eisenberg. "Hydrocephalus." In Sabiston Textbook of Surgery, edited by Courtney M. Townsend Jr. 16th ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company, 2001.

Golden, Jeffery A., and Carsten G. Bonnemann. "Hydrocephalus." In Textbook of Clinical Neurology, edited by Christopher G. Goetz and Eric J. Pappert. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company, 1999.


Hamid, Rukaiya K. A., and Philippa Newfield. "Pediatric Neuroanesthesia: Hydrocephalus." Anesthesiology Clinics of North America 19, no. 2 (June 1, 2001): 207–18.


American Academy of Neurology. 1080 Montreal Ave., St. Paul, MN 55116. (800) 879-1960. .


Dalvi, Arif. "Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus." eMedicine , January 14, 2002 [cited May 21, 2003]. .

Hord, Eugenia-Daniela. "Hydrocephalus." eMedicine , January 14, 2002 [cited May 21, 2003]. .

Sgouros, Spyros. "Management of Spina Bifida, Hydrocephalus, and Shunts." eMedicine , May 14, 2003. [cited May 21, 2003]. .

Laurie Barclay, MD Stephanie Dionne Sherk


Ventricular shunting is performed in a hospital operating room by a neurosurgeon, a surgeon who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.


User Contributions:

Jane Smith
I have appreciated this article very much. Thank you for the simple explanations, and especially the statistics, which have given me a clearer idea of the prognosis for my baby.
donna weaver
My father(80) about a month ago had a shunt put in the back of his head because he was diagnosed with NPH. He has been complaining about double vision, words and numbers waving, words disappearing, and having a hard time figuring out numbers. His surgeon says to wait and see if it gets better but you say here " The eyes should be examined regularly because shunt failure may damage the nerve to the eyes (optic nerve). If not treated promptly, damage to the optic nerve causes irreversible loss of vision." Should we be worried? How lomg do we wait?
can you get pains in your testicals after having a shut and a catheter fitted
percy kim
my son has a shunt in his head for about 6years and today he is getting like little sharp needle poking where his shunt is. we are calling for medical advice. what could be doing this??? please reply.
My child has had a ventricular shunt since she was 18 months old.
She is now 26 years old. She had a serious malfunction of the valve when she was 14. She is now having problems with headache, passing out and seizures. The doctors that she seen tell here that it is not the shunt but something else causing her problems, but they can not tell her what exactly it is. Do you know if a person can out grow the need for a shunt once you have one. One of the doctors that she saw told her that it looked like she probably didn't even need the shunt.
Any information will be appreciated.
there is spaciel prosedure in NM ?

thank you for answering
My infant daughter had blood that got into her CSF it then clot the ventricles and they cant drain. The doctors want to but a permanent shunt into her abdomen. Is this a common procedure for a baby that is only one week old or is there other options? Will the shunt affect her ability's for the rest of her life. She is perfectly normal now. Thanks you Mike
Lauren McGowan
My daughter, now 23 years, had an unusual symptom which others may wish to note. The CSF passed from her abdominal cavity to her pleural (lung) cavity, putting pressure on the lungs. So, although rare, this did happen and was corrected.
Thanks Lauren
A friend's daughter had a right ventricular shunt installed when she was three. Although it is no longer functional, the mother was advised against having removed. The child was born three months preterm with severe complications. The girl is now 16 and her scoliosis is getting worse. Could this be due to the shunt adhereing internally and not allowing the spinal column to grow naturally? Could the tubing be "snipped" where it disappears under the clavicle to release the restrictions? The girl is also having increased temporal lobe seizures. The tubing follows her SCM from the temporal plate to the clavicle.
rajiv bhasin
thank u for the simple explanations..this article has helped me alot..cheerz
My father is having a shunt put in today from his head to his tummy because he had a coil put in and the spinal fluid builds up in the head what are the risks? Does he have a time limit or can he live forever? i hate asking that question but I would like to know for my self please reply thank you
I had a shunt put in my head 4 1/2 years ago and just recently I've been having dizziness, stomach upset and my shunt feels weird. Is this a sign there might be something wrong?
My grandson was born premature at 24 months. Consequently his brain bleed required him to have a shunt in his brain to drain excess CSF. He is now 14 months and on 4th shunt replacement, 3 within the last 2 months. His curent shunt seems to be working but now is not holding down his food. The Dr. is using a binding on his stomach to assist the shunt to lower the pressure. I am not clear how this should work and am a little worried about this experiment. Has anyone else had this method used sucessfully ??
I had a shunt about 3 yrs ago. I am having severe headaches and stabbing leg pain. The headache always seem to be late afternoon or night. My shoulders, arms and back are numb and tingleing. Please advise if this could be caused by the shunt not draining properly.
Thanks Sandy
You state 'as many as 80% of shunts develop a mechanical problem at some point and need to be replaced'. My wife has recently had to have her shunt replaced, however the Royal Free Hospital in London, when asked in November 09 about the reliability of shunts and how often do they need replacing informed our GP that they very rarely fail!!
Can you shed some light on your figure of up to 80%
what is a shunt for and what is it used for, is the surgery very dangerous???
I have had mine since 1976 when I was 8yrs old since then I have had 10 ventricular shunt replacesments.Why do they keep failing or quit working what is the normal age of a shunt
Seventeen years ago my son had a shunt put in prior to brain surgery for removal of a benign epidermoid tumor that was blocking the flow of CSF. The surgeon said he got all of the tumor and several MRIs over the years have indicated no recurrence of the tumor. A few days ago the plastic shunt tubing split in his neck and is causing pain at the breakage point. My question is what would be recommended to relieve his discomfort. Like many young Americans, he has no health insurance so this will be an out of pocket expence. Could only the plastic tubing be removed or should the entire valve and catheder also be removed? Can it be done as an outpatient procedure or is hospitalization required?
My 6 year old had a shunt fitted at 3 weeks old. She has complained the shunt is sore, has had vomiting and headache, but not too severe. Is there a chance the shunt could be blocked
A week ago, a shunt was placed in my skull with the tubing running down the right side of my neck,chest and into my stomach. Why was it necessary that I had to have an incision in my stomach? My walking has not improved as of yet. With this, I imagine it requires patience. However, on my left side of my stomach I get an acute pain when walking (also when being touched.) I am to see the doctor for removal of staples on Tuesday. My question is why should it hurt on my left side of my stomach? Has this happened before to anyone before? My stomach feels quite queasy also. Thanks much.
My son has had a ventricular shunt since he was 7 months old. It was required a month or so after having surgery to remove a benign tumor in one of the ventricles the size of a golf ball he is also an identical twin except for the tumor. He is now 18 yrs old and has had no maintainence of replacement of the shunt. He now gets occasional bad headaches, Should he have the shunt removed and what is the procedure and the risk and also the longer term effects of tubing and shunt if he doesnt seek removal. Thank you in anticipation.
Melbourne Australia
I just had a replacement and now having pains in my lower stomach. I wanted to know if the
tube is pushing fluid into certain cavities or what may be causing this? It doesn't happen every day, but a couple times a week. I also notice when I walk and exercise, it seems to stop.
I had my original shunt for 27yrs and then fell hitting the back of my head. I just wonder if I fell because the shunt was failing to work or broke and stopped working after the fall.
I fell again 6mos later on the front of on face and was taken to emergency hospital where they
did a CT. I started having balance and memory problems and taken to neurologist, then another CT
showed the ventricles had encreased and so a replacement of the shunt was done. A period of 6mos went by from the first fall and one month after the 2nd fall was the replacement.

I too had a shunt placed on the right side of my head with tubing going down behind my right ear, chest and into my abdomen on October 4th. So, it's been a little over 3 weeks now. I feel pretty queasy too and get sharp jabs in my abdomen. I just saw my surgeon yesterday, and he said there's tubing that winds around in my abdomen that presses on my bowels and other organs and having pain and discomfort is not unusual. He basically said it would eventually subside and I'd get used to it.

I have an incision in my abdomen too and I'm disappointed that it's in such a conspicuous place. Makes bikini wearing a thing of the past I guess. I wish you the best with your recovery and hope your uncomfortable feelings subside soon. Sue
My nephew had a shunt placed as an infant 29 years ago. He originally had it in his abdomen but developed a cyst. After that it was placed in his heart where it remained uncomlicated for many years. He just recently started having severe headaches along with nausea and vomiting and so went to the ER. The doctor at that hospital placed a new shunt in his pleural cavity and stated he would never put it back in the heart as there were too many complications in the long run. My nephew has has been in the ER three times since it was placed in his pleural caviety with severe headaches, nausea and vomiting. He had the least complications with his shunt placed in his heart and I was wondering if it really was a poor choice for placement. Any advise would be appreciated.
I like the article, but I want to know one thing. My mom had a shunt put in and a week later the shunt malfunction became infected and the tip of the shunt broke off into her small Intestine. The shunt was removed but my mom's neurlogical state was never the same. Is that normal for the tip of the shunt to break off into the small intestines?
My grandson has a vp shunt. I am curious as to whether you should be able to feel the shunt on the outside of the skin? You can feel his and it has like ridges in it. Is this normal?
My 12 year old son had a shunt fitted when he was 4year old due to a blood clot in the brain recently i have noticed he has problems moving his neck backwards could this be due to the tubing in his neck? I would be very grateful if you would get back to me asap from a very concerned parent
Is it dangerous to do sit-ups if you have shunts? Can the snap?
I am 43 and have a vp shunt for about 7 years.. For the past 3 weeks I have a pain in my side where the shunt is. At times it is very sharp.. I have no appendix or gall bladder so I know it is not that. It is more up in the rib cage area,, Could my shunt beacme lodged in this area.? I think It is working fine.. No headaches
I have a 20 month old daughter that was fitted with a programable shunt 2 months after birth because of a severe brain bleed. She has developed normally and is in some areas ahead if anything. Last week tuesday night she started vomitting all night so we took her in to the hospital where we still are. They have done 2 CT scans and xrayed twice but everything looks good. They were treating her for a virus but hasnt gotten any better they put her on 2 diffrent antibotics yesterday. Every morning for the 3 days she vomitts once. She shouldnt be vomitting because she has not had anything except a IV since wensday morning. The doctors keep going back and forth from shunt to virus. They have decided to change setting to lower the pressure in her brain. Any other with same problems? What corrected it? Thanks Mike
I had a ventricular perioteneial shunt put in jan 6 2011. Since august 2001 I have suffered severe migraines since I had meningitis. I have over the last 10 years I have suffered vision lose and severe nausea ans vomiting from my increasing migraines. I recently stated having severe dislexia with numbers and reading. My family worried about my health and my ability to cope with the more extreme physical symptoms. I even started having problems driving because I lost peripheral vision. My shunt was placed on the right side. The box is just under the scalp on the right and looks like I got bit there from the round incision I had two mini incisions on my scalp above my ear and behind my ear on my neck. I also have a huge uncision on my belly. I experience pain from the shunt in my side and in my belly. They say it is normal. My tube is visible under the skin I look like a klingon. Where it protrudes from the box. I gave regained some sight back already since surgery and I got my staples out today I had 39 total. I just wish I didnt feel the pain in my belly from the shunt. I use a heating pad to help.
My father, 79 years old, had a programmable shunt implanted after being diagnosed with NPH. He has been misdiagnosed for about 7 years. He has made remarkable progress in all three of the triad symptoms. Last Monday he had a violent seizure and has since been put on anti-seizure medication. His neurosurgeon looked at his CT scan results from the ER and says everything looks OK with the shunt. He has NEVER had a seizure before and I suspect it has something to do with the shunt which was implanted 2 1/2 months ago. His brain function is very slow and he is falling again and very tired. His doctor says it just takes a long time to recover from a seizure at his age. Could the neurosurgeon be wrong? Could the seizure be an indication that something is wrong with his shunt functioning? I would very much appreciate any information.
my brodher had a surgery for shunt 3 years ago.that shunt is working normal but now he have same symptoms(vomiting,headaches,lack of concentration and problem in walking ) again now the doctors said he need second it gonna effect the first one ?Is there is a possibilty he might need another shunt in future.thanks
My son is 8yr old and shunted at 10 days old. He has recently been glued to me or my husbands side. Normally very independent and out going. He says that about every five minutes it it like his body will freeze and it feels like there are thousands on needles poking him from the inside out. He says it is for like a split second. Also his entire body aches a lot of the time. He has had malfunctions before but he has complained of his head hurting really bad in the bast when it goes bad. What are you thoughts.
My brother is 23 yrs old and shunted in oct 2010. Since then my brother is unable to stand up or talk normally he also has epilepsy problem since childhood. its been 7 months but we dont see any sign going towards betterment. we have been consulting a Dr. who was involved in the shunting process but didnt get any good response. kindly advice what to do we are rly worried about him and rly want see him stand again and start his normal lyf. Our Life and happiness is binded with him if he's happy we fell to if he isnt we dont like to do anything. please suggest what to do. his eyes sight has also been effected and cant see properly.
Fabiola charcas
Hi.. I want to ask a question about the shunt.. My dauther got the shunt on the vertical vein and I want to know if the shunt works 100% there is cause my dauther she had alot problems with the shunt on her belly and on her shest and the neurosery dicide to put it on the heart vein and scare that why I want to know if shunt is going to work there... Or how am going to know when the shunt is not working.. thakzz. Fabiola
fabiola charcad
Hi.. My name is fabiola and I want to ask a question about the verticular vein shunt is cause my dauther had the a vp shunr on the rightverticular vein and I want to know if the shunt works 100% there is cause she already had alot of problemd withe shunt on her bely and her shest she dint tolereted and know they put it in the hearth the last option and am scared for the shunt to get infected and I would like to know if the symtoms are can be same or different?? Thankzz and I would preciate if u can answer my questions. Thank u..
i'm 17 and i have a vp shunt, and i was wondering i've been having like shooting(on and off) pains why is this and also my right eyes optic nerve is enlarged which all my eye docs think it could be glacoma,and they do some tests and it's not,so could this be something wrong with my shunt or what i've never had it replaced!
thanks miranda.
Miranda, you really should see your neuro!! You might even consider the ER! At 13(I am now almost 20), I experienced a snapped shunt, which lead to blurry/double vision and for a month it went untreated, until I saw my opthamologist for a check up. He noticed overwhelming pressure on my optic nerve and sent me straight to the ER. I had surgery the next day to have a new tube placed.

Good luck!!
I had a VT stunt placed twenty years ago. I have an increase of pain. I also have cronic bronchial infection. Does this effect the valve. And why do amphetamines ease the pain?
I do have a question, my husband had a ventriculoparietal shunt, at age 2 1/2, it needed replacement at age 12. Would he be able to live without a shunt after that?
If someone has a shunt in the brain should
they avord stress and if so why?
why does my partners shunt feel sore sometimes? and why all the headaches?
I had my VP Shunt fitted in 1998 and it failed in 2009 or possibly earlier. It is unclear due to another hospitals blunder when I had a Tonic clonic seizure. It was discovered that a black mass that was described as being 'scar tissue on Occipital Lobe' was in fact an infection of the STAPH kind...not nice. John Radcliffe replaced nasty VP with a nice EVT (Ommaya Reservoir) as I was a prime candidate. BUT...We have suspicions they left the TUBE from the VP in my stomach!!! There WAS NO FRESH STITCHES on abdomen, so how did they remove the PIPE? I am having absolute pain and agony, just like I did before. Not one person will answer just saying its scar tissue, fine but now its spread UPWARDS to my breast bone and now diffcult to breath. SO, HAS ANYONE HAD A VP SHUNT REMMOVED AND DID THEY HAVE STITCHES ON THEIR ABDOMENN? Oh by the way, Ommaya is wonderful!!
two eeks ago, I had a vp shunt placed(which i have little memory of). On 01Jan2009, I was rushed to the ER with massive headache, womiting and seizures. It was found I had alarge brain tumor on my right frontal lobe. It was causing such massive swelling, it was shifting my brain completely over. Until my vp shunt, I was living with hydrocephalus, headaches, seizures daily. Since the shunt, I have had more impairements. Drastic memory changes worse than before the shunt.headaches and seizures continue. Adominal pain, sharp shooting pains starting in my abdomen radiating down towards my rectum.Sleep and appetite changes as well. My husband contacted my neurosurgeon's office. He did not speak with my dr. only with the nurse. She stated these things were normal but highly rare. Really scared. Are these normal and I shouldn't worry? Please any advice, comments or opinions regarding this would be appreciated.
Hello, my father has recently been diagnosed with meningitus, he has been in the hospital for 2 weeks now and unable to breath on his own. They have recenlty found build up of fluid in the brain and installed a ventricular shunt, since then his oxygen level has been very touchy expecially if he is laying on his left side. they have determined lat there is fluid build up in his left lung and have also recently found after a ct scan that the shunt was draining too much fluid??? My question is if it is possible for the fluid to be draining into the lung, and what may need to be done?
can a person live with 2 shunts in his brain? my nephew had a surgery 4 days ago, but the doctors did not remove the other shunt, could this be possible?
My son has had his shunt since may 5, 2009, shortly after that he had several revision between aug 28-sep 4, 2009. After that he was doing okay until sept 9,2011 he had another revision. He wasnt eating or drink, he was just very irritable so after the revision he was doing good for 2days I took him back to the hospital and they did x-rays & ct scans ALL came back normal. Got sent home & still he was the same came back once again & they said he had a virus, stayed over night and got home 4days later back to the way he was but this time complaining his tummy hurt, so once again back to the hospital ct scan & x-rays NORMAL! On top of that his blood pressure is sky rocket just like his heart rate, but they are giving him meds fir his blood pressure which they only work for awhile & The dr did blood test, tested for an infection & still tests NORMAL!! We've been in the hospital since & they don't know whats going on!! I'm thinking something is going on with his shunt but all tests normal & idk what to do any advice I'm lost here!!??
I saw a 13 year old child who developed strokes in the occipital lobes after correcting a shunt malfunction from the lateral ventricles. Is it possible from draining too much CSF or upward herniation or both
My daughter got a VP Shunt when she was 7 months old. We go for regular check ups...but I am concerned as she has been complaining that the place in her head where the shunt is located hurts...should I be concerned or worried?
I had a VP shunt placed in 1996. Then suffered an anyerism in 2004.The tubing had grown into my brain mass and could not be removed.Is this common for the tubing to grow to the brain? I now have 2 shunts in my head and have suffered with headaches.
My 17 yo son had a vp shunt placed 1 yr ago after having 2 lobes removed for malformation and seizures. He is seizure free, but having feeling of needles stinging his face, head and neck for about 15 seconds. He was having a few a month, but now that we are weaning his last med, he is having 9-13 of these in a 24 hr period. MD feels the shunt is lying on a nerve. Has anyone else had this symptom? No pain, just look of fear on his face. Thanks
my son 4 mnths had a vp shunt placed,As his ventricles were the starting he had pass in his brain due to some infection. is it possible that he could live without a shunt anytime in life.
Hi, My name is Jeff (35Years old). I have a ventricular Schunt paced in my head and goes through my body to my stomach. I have an older brother that thinks it is funny to smack me in the back of my head as a joke. I am worried that this may trigger a seizure or affect the cyst in an adverse way. Am I correct that it can affect my cyst?
My mom had a ventricular shunt placed in her head about a week later we notice she always stayed sleep barely waking up. About the 8th day we were informed the shunt became infected and she had to go to the operating room. Upon being on the table we were informed that the tip of the shunt broke off and they had to cut open her belly to find it. Well they did find it, in her small bowels. My first question about this is it normal for the tip to break off?
About a month later she had to have another shunt put in, well we were afraid because we didn't want this shunt to become infected as well so we ask how would they know if it was working. They informed us that they would know that she would be having ct regualarly which never happen. Well a couple of weeks later my mom started with the sleeping again when we would try to wake her up she would open her eyes and back to sleep this went on for days. So we ask the doctor's can they check the pressure of her brain. Well upon doing that, they release some fluid and my mom woke up. No my question is If the pressure was building up again that meant the shunt was working?
My mom started sleeping again and this time we notice that she open her eyes and it looked like she was following the ceiling in a circle for a couple of days. Well me and my sister work in the hospital and notice that our mom was having a seizure so we notified the nurse of this and then my mom began biting at her tongue, well within a couple of days after they had been giving my mom advant, the seizure didn't stop. Once she was rushed to the ER, I noticed when I open up my mom's eye's her eye's were bluish grey, when the doctor's came in her began taking this dial and putting up to my mom's head where the shunt was. He informed the other doctor that the dial was sent to high and that it was draining to my of the fluid and that it went into the crainial of her brain, so back to surgery she went. My mom never recovered after that, An EEG was done the next day, we were so upset that we didn't ask for the result of that but I bet there was no brain activity on that scan. If possible can you explain how this could have happen? My family needs closure.
My Dd is 82 - Had the brain shunt put in behind his ear - Three days later he had horroble headaches and was sent ot the hospital from the VA - They said that too much water had been released from the brain - The brain shrunk and pulled away from the skull causing a hematoma which they are montiroing and say will absorb itslef - They re-adjusted the shunt- I wen tt see him yesteday and he is out of his mind- No pain but totally confused about EVERYTHING - We had the stent put in because he was totally confused about everything BEFORE - and then only for ONE DAY we had our dad back - he was totally lucid and fine and BAM - right back to looney land. Did the hematoma cause damage? It is not a subdural hematoma - Will he improve again ? He cant walk and that is another reason we had the stent put in because his balance was terrible from the excess water on the brain
I have IH and had a vp shunt put in on Dec 2, 11...and for a week my pinky has been numb(tingly/sleepy feeling) and today i woke up and my whole arm is numb..kinda worried but dont really know what I should do or if it is anything to worry about
i have a vp shunt i got in done when i was 12 and i now am 16 i get very bad head aches at time and i can feel where the shunt is
ayusi agarwal
My sister in law had a vp shunt done, now she is developing seizures, headache and symptoms of shunt, i would like to understand that will that effect her married life and what are the of risk involved relating to her life?

My daughter had a VP shunt at birth all was fine for the last 7 years. Last year she had 4 revisions in 3 months. She was diagnosed with split ventricles. The VP shunts was replace with a anti syphoning device and ricum. Since being home for the last 6 month not a day goes by that she doesn't have nausea (without vomitting)some day worse than others. MRI and check-ups say she is "clinically" well. No medications have worked. Doctor can give no answers. My wife and I do not no what to do either. Have you have any success?
my daughter had vp shunt fitted when two days old and then had to have taken out because of infection this happaned three times in four months,she is registered blind also.she sleeps so much,maybe awake for two hours in 24 and only in small 10 mins then asleep this normal the doctors say she is clinically well and her scans say this,but does anyone have child with same symptoms.
My daughter had a vp shunt in at the age of 2 weeks 6 months later it blocked and she got a new one she is three today and they removed her shunt saying the test show she don't need it anymore can u live without a shunt if u had one in for two years someone please reply if not tell me the symptoms I can expect because she is feverish but they say its her tonsils but I'm a bit curious
Carmen Cruz
I just had a shunt placed 1month ago . After a few tweaking I now an headache free however.i sometimes get a sharp pain were the shunt is..I have also notice my tummy to be tender and seams to appear swollen .shud I be concerned
My 3 year old has a VP shunt. At 4-6 weeks old when it was inserted and have had 11 operations due to revisions and infections. He is still not walking but is slowly getting there. I have been told that even if he doesnt need a shunt in the future that due to a exposure to infections during operation shunt will not be removed. It is interesting to read about little people who do have it removed. If there is anything wrong with the shunt there are headaches, vommiting and drausines, however, shunt mul-function could be intermittent or temporary. I have been told by a neurosurgeon that a shunt can stop working and start again as my little one had episodes of vomitting and he would sleep a lot the next day I would take him to NS and he would be fine. I remember neurosurgeon used an optical thing to look into his eye and apparently he could see nurves and it appeared normal without pressure. So I guess the easiest check is to go to neurosurgeon and ask him/her to use the "magnifying glass" optical checking device to check at the back of your eye by lookinginto it to see if there is any pressure. I have also heard of people living with 3 shunts and living normal lifes with their families.
I had a VP shunt revision done 17 days ago and have had double vision ever since. My doctor has made several adjustments - started at 1.5 which is where my old shunt was set which worked fine. Went up to 2.5 to see the effect which wasn't good at all. Starting throwing up and could barely function. Moved ot down to 1 and I felt better but still had double vision. He removed the staples last week and adjusted it down to .5. I feel pretty good but am still having the DV. Should i be concerned yet or does it just take time and if so any idea as to how long it should take?
I got in a car crash 8 years ago and now I am 16. I havent replaced my shunt at all. In the past year I have passed out twice and I almost pass out everytime I walk up hill, should I go see my doctor or is it not a big deal?
my son has a shunt and his tube tight should i worry
I am 18 years old and i had a VP shunt installed about 2 months ago, it feels.
I went into the Emergency Room at midnight on a sunday, with debilitating headaches, nasuea, couldnt walk without stumbling against a wall, i couldnt see stright, had terrible double vision. I was suffering on my living room floor, on vicodin 3 times a day, then tramadol. I was on muscle relaxers every day. (I had thought this wsas a TMJ headache/migraine) They said in could of went into a coma because of all the pain killers and pressure in my head.
Within 10 hours i was in an emergency surgery to drain the CSF buildup in my ventricles.(after a CT scan showing the buildup.) i had an external drain for about a week, then i had that procedure where they poke a hole in between the 3rd ventricle and the fourth. It failed my head pressure went up to 80 that night.
I then developed Chemical Meningitus, most likely due to the Contrast used or the other 2 surgerys. I was in the hospital for almost another week when they said my white blood cells were down and i was cleared for the instqalation of the VP shunt. i walked out of the ICU the next morning at noon. no wheelchair nothing.
but now-
I get reoccuring buzzing, a slight numb/light headed feeling occasionally. Sharp pain where the shunt is, part of my scalp is still partially numb to the touch. i too felt like my abodomen was swollen, im curious as to if the CSF fluid will build up in my abdomen. I had anxiety before hand and now its 10x worse. they jumped between Ativan, xanax and Klonopin. i dont want to take either benzo. i have found that smoking medical marijuanna releases some of my anxiety about my shunt. ( and TMJ and Muscle Spasms) it was such a scary experience, i was told i might not get my eye sight back.

but anyways, im sorry to hear about all the replacements and malfuntions, im scared of what i have to go though in my future. I do have the newer magnetic shunt, and it seems some people can use those up to 20 years. But who knows
My mother-in-law, having been diagnosed with NPH, had her VS implanted six months ago. Since then, the setting has shifted at least four times, requiring the neurosurgery group to reset it to the desired flow level. In this most recent incident, the setting had caused over-drainage instead of under-drainage. (Fortunately, she did NOT suffer a subdural hematoma.) However, even though the flow of CSF was reduced to the desired level five days ago, she still is practically comatose with fatigue.

In general, how long does it take for this effect to wear off?

By the way, how come this site doesn't provide access to your responses to others' questions? I think I might have been able to find the answer to my question if I could have seen responses to prior submissions.
My mother is 71 yrs. old and has had a VP shunt sin age 44 with the last adjustment being made in 1991. The shunt was placed due to a collapsed ventricle. For several yrs. she has had episodes of headaches and vomiting that have rapidly increased in frequency of occurence. She is currently hospitalized for fever, vomiting, hypokalemia, and leukocytosis. Her mental ability has gone down rapidly over the past 2 yrs. with increasing inability to focus on conversation and she often repeats what one says, thinking she has just thought of the same thing. Her balance is much worse. The neurosurgeon at this hospital is afraid to tap the shunt for fear he will cause damage due to age of shunt. An LP was performed and CT of head was done but no ultrasound or CT of abd. was done. Without assessing distal aspect of shunt can he safely determine that shunt is functioning properly?
My daughter had a shunt placement when she was 8mo. in1993 then a revision at 18mo. Lived on a happy,Healthy,normal life. No problems. She has always been active &in sept 2009 she went roller skating @ a skate rink and fell onto her stomach without her hands,arms or legs breaking the fall. With this fall landing her straite on her stomach it ended up cracking the tube that connects right up top into the shunt. She Finally had surgery Oct 8th 2009 to replace the cracked tube. Only to replace her free flowing functional working shunt to a new shunt with vales on it and then replaced the cracked tube. Unaware of them doing a partial shunt replacement when the cracked tube needed replaced taking half of the whole shunt system out then putting a shunt now with valves on it. Since this surgery she has been sick,hospitalized 6 times &a week stay each time. MRI's,ct scans,many shunt series,spinal tap,Drs & many of all of everything and yet she's still sick with continous pressure headaches daily. It's 2012. She can no longer do anything she use to do for 16 happy healthy yrs. she is now 19 wanting her life back. I want my happy active healthy teen back. I want her to smile like she use to. Today she is having continuous sharp tapping pains in her shunt on her head. The hard tapping has been going on for about 2 hours now she is having sharp pains in her back under her shoulder blades also stomach pains in the abdomen like passing a kidney stone pain. The tapping on her shunt is new? What is the continuous hard painful tapping? Does anyone know?
Chad your daughter should not have to live with that pain. Having two children with VP shunts I can say, we have gone our ways with shunt failures from tubing causing abcess on bowels to multiple shunt failures causing multiple revisions. Neither of my children are text book cases. I want to say most and foremost, you need a neurosurgeon who listens not only to the patient but to the parents as we know our children more then anyone. My youngest went through something like you are describing. He had revisions three times a year for two years. Every time he went in to the operating room the shunt was found to be working fine. I felt he was having some intermittent blockage that was clearing only to block up again and cause further symptoms. His surgeon, (the best around as far as I am concerned) placed a second resevoir into his shunt. This had only been tried on one adult previously and failed. My little guy is on two years now with no shunt issues. The second reservoir was all that was needed. Get a second opinion from another neuro. It appears her's is not looking seriously enough to end her pain.
M. Hafeez
I really appreciate the way Article is written and would like to thank to help peoples finding the info they are suppose to get from local surgeons but can't.

Last days, my child was implemented medtronics vp shunt of medium pressure, he is 15 years old and hydrocephalus was diagnosed 2 years before and it was treated through antibiotics before surgery. The thing, i am worried for is my child can't walk normally still after 10 Days. He was having problem with walking alone sometime before surgery but condition was better then what its now.

I would be very much thankful to you, if you can explain this to me and inform me how long it normally takes to be able to walk normally after implementation of vp shut.

M. Hafeez
Good day! As I read the comments and concerns here, I humbly touched,reflected and related to all of you. I'm also having Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunt and I was diagnosed last 2002(12 years old), when I was Grade 5. That's also my very (1st) VP shunt insertion. And then, after a year, it was revised. 2003, Grade 6, VP shunt revision(2nd) was done, due to disocation. After a year again, 2004(3rd) shunt revision again was happened. And then, after a year, again and again, 2005(4th) shunt revision was done again and again. And after that, 2006 the (5th) VP shunt revision was happened again. The 4th and 5th shunt revision were due infection of the shunt. 2007, when I decided to take up BS Nursing(not my real course to take up) but I took up. 2007-2011, I took up that course, as well as taking care of my health condition specially my VP shunt.That's why that years(2007-2011) no revision happen. Hopping last 2006 was really the very last shunt revision. I took up board exam few months I after I graduated, and I passed the board exam for one take. And now, by this time, I'm already Registered Nurse here in the Philippines for almost 2yrs. I'm also continuing taking care of my self as well as my shunt. But then, honestly speaking, I'm not yet content of what I'am now and what I already achieved in my profession as a Nurse. Because, still I really want to pursue my real ambition and really want to be. And that's to become a Doctor, to be a Great Neurosurgeon. Because of the state of our family, also still I can't enroll my self in Medicine School. But then, I believe one day, I can and I will enroll already in Medicine School to become a Doctor. I can't blame my self nor mind,in which that thing/ambition comes and formed within my self. Because of my health history, also with my clinical experienced in my Profession as a Nurse, that's strongly uphold and boost in my perception in life.

PS, for the family members, specially the parents of the patients having VP shunt, compact quality all in one support are very important for your love one. Thank you for reading this. Take Care.:)
jim clark
Hello, I received a ventricular shunt in 1976 for a brain tumor that was removed a week later. I am now 43 years old and went to my Chiropractor. Along with cracking my back, he cracked my neck. My mother reminded me of my shunt and suggests my neck not be cracked again. Should I be concerned for future appointments with my chiropractor? To this date I have not had any problems with my shunt. Thank You for your time.
I was diagnosed with Hydrocephalus as a Child and developed a lazy eye, and have had headaches all my life and have had 16 operations on my Brain since they found the problem But i get Pain from my Shunt all the time like knife pains in the shunt and the headaches are worse then ever, the dr said it was fine But is it normal to get Headaches everyday and i take regular pain killers is their any thing i can do to to reduce the headaches?
Dan Kemper
I am 69 years of age and suffered a blow to the head almost 2 1/2 years ago after falling from a ladder. Within the first year after the accident, I had about three CT scans done which showed hydrocephalus. The doctor at that time recommended placement of a shunt. More recently, an MRI of the brain was taken and another neurosurgeon noted that there had been a gradual increase in the size of the ventricles to the brain. A lumbar puncture was performed which provided some relief of my symptoms of balance problems and an unsteady gait. I guess my main concern is developing early stage dementia because I can probably live with the physical limits of the problem, but after reading about some of the problems that have developed with other persons who have had this procedure done (headaches/severe pain symptoms, nausea, blurred or double vision, failed shunt procedure and multiple revisions surgeries, etc.), I am really hesitant about having this surgery done. Is there a drug that I can take on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis which can reduce the fluid level in the brain to the point that any further physical and mental problems that result from the hydrocephalus can be stopped or at least delayed for several years or until the old body gives out in some other way?
Kathy Robinson
My husband has had a ventriculoperitoneal shut sense he was 4 months old. he is now having severe headaches with some dizziness associated with them. am i to worry that there is something wrong or is it normal to have these headaches?
Can anyone tell me why there is so much VP shunt tubing? An X-ray shows my wife's going to her lower abdomen then turns north & goes up above her stomach then back south & ends up looking like a pile of spaghetti at the bottom of her abdomen. Her neurosurgeon says that's the way they all are but did not explain why.
I had a vp programmable shunt fitted when i was 9.It hasnt showed signs of failiure which isnt surprising as my neurosurgeon said it could last until im 30.
I'm 60 yrs old now. Get a second opinion always with shunt problems. My neurosurgeon said about 15 yrs is all they last. Sure enough, 14 yrs and a few months, the shunt got infected with staph. (2 yrs ago May) I didn't think it was the shunt but I felt like 2 balloons were inside of me. Those were the psuedo-cysts filled with staph. One was the size of a lemon and the other the size of a baseball. 3 wks in the hospital, 3 brain surgeries and a month of antibiotics at home. Now am semi ok but get unrelenting migraines when they come..last for days & at times in between where the shunt was removed from my brain, I get knife like pains. Just right there. Maybe it's because it's still healing. I had a huge non cancerous tumor removed in 97. The next day the shunt was put in because the pressure in my head went up and up. Right now I am shunt free..Dr. said sometimes the body heals itself. B.S. Needless to say, he is my neurosurgeon no more. My neurologist is in with a group that includes 4 neurosurgeons. They are watching me like a hawk. If needed I will be getting a new shunt asap.. As per Mike #84 with all of the shunt tubing..I don't think there should be that much tubing in a pile, yet I had lots of room to play with as no appendix, gallbladder or spleen. It probably is the way all of them are. That doesn't mean you couldn't cut extra off I wouldn't think. If in doubt, get another Dr. to do an Xray and ask him if it's correct. Sounds like they should have cut some off. I'm sure they wouldn't put enough for a 6ft.2 man into a 5 ft. woman. I think they send that much tubing in case they need it,. Hope that helps.Good luck.
I'm 18 and I've had a shunt since I was less than a week old (due to spina bifida hydrosephalus) I didn't know the shunt could fail... And 80%? That's kinda scary.
I've never had problems with mine besides a few headaches, i can lay on the side that my shunt is on. Depending on your shunt it may be partially outside of the skull (mine is, it's soft and squishy).
After so long you kinda forget it's there (until a hairdresser happens to find it, then you have to explain its a shunt;)
I don't know for sure but the pain you guys that recently got the shunt could just be your body adjusting to the fact you have something different chillin inside of your body, however you should probably see a doctor if you're worried or passing out/having seizures :)
My husband had a ventricular shunt placed in his head at age 9. He's had 2 revisions since then. He is now 35 and went in to have a 3rd revision done. He ended up having the entire shunt taken out except for part of the tubing which broke off in the neck area. The doctor said that during the surgery he felt very good that he did not need the shunt any longer. My husband ended up back in the ER due to passing out and having a mild seizure. They took a CT scan and nothing had changed since the surgery. They decided to begin him on a medication called Acetezolamide (Diamox) to help the body absorb the CSF more naturally. He has been on the medication now for 3 days taking it every 12 hours. He is still having blurred vision, nausea, and headache along with just being extremely week. Has anyone out there ever had this type of thing happen to them? What did you do to get better? Did you have to have another shunt placed?
Any advise would be greatly appreciated.
Mark McCoy
Hi my name is Mark. I had a shunt inserted when I was 10 months and it broke when I was 13 but here's the weird thing everything is working now without the shunt it's like the hydrocelphalus vanished and btw if you are wondering I an 19 now
I think I regret the day I put in my shunt
I had my vp shunt put in about 4 months ago
And after that my horror started because I can hardly
Get up because of the pain I had to resign from
Work because the pain is just uncontrollable
I started vomiting and forgetting things I can hardly sleep
I'm wondering what's going on because I since
Have never been back to my doctor
It feels like my life is coming to a end from vomiting to headaches to feeling weak
And to feeling moody don't know what's going on I need help the vp shunt is spoiling my life
My son, age 27, had a vp shunt placed 2 months ago due to a brain tumor. He has been having periodic sharp stabbing pains low in his abdomen since the surgery. He has had a lot of different doctor opinions and nobody can give an explanation. Could the tubing be touching a nerve? And how could that be checked? We keep getting the run around. Thanks
I have a vp shunt when I was 7-8 years old never had any problems since and you can't even see I have it. Only question is that I want to use sunbeds and haven't bin on one yet but was wandering that could my shunt be affected or could it cause intercranial hypertension which is what I had years ago if I went on one. I really want to know if it is safe could anyone who knows tell me would really appreciate it thanks
I had a shunt put in Jan. '13 because I was having headaches & had a Araconoid cyst ,2" x 4" & the Renown Neurosurgeon said this was my problem & said I needed a shunt which I allowed him to do but after I had side effects, pressure & still headaches he pretty much washed his hands of me. I went to another neurosurgeon & he opened the ventricals & pierced the cyst & when this didn't correct the problem he clamped off the tube. I am back with headaches & ended up going to a Neurologist who did a nerve block for the headaches but I am in so much pain now because after the block he took me off of all pain meds 2 days later because he said my headaches were caused by analgesic rebound headaches. I have been off all meds for over 2 wks. & ended up going to the ER to help with the excruciating pain. I am thinking about getting the shunt out & I know this might not help with the headaches but my quality of life is terrible. Has anyone else experienced anything like this?
My name is Christine, I have a Va shunt. It was revised almost six years ago
I'm having this really bad pain in my head and left eye. The doctor is saying I am fine but I know I'm not.
After developing a brain aneurism leak, in 2009 in Florida, a coil and shunt were placed in my brain. After 2 months I was sent to Phoenix Barrow Institute. I was there for 30+ days for rehab.
I went back to work where I learned a new Accounting Software. I am now working full time ( Accounting)
I have no deficit mentally or physically.
Barrow wants me to go in for a follow up MRA. This concerns me, since I was told that an MRI would cause the valve to malfunction and they would have to reset it. Do I need to expect the same issue with an MRA.
The valve seems to be functioning so why mess with it. My theory is " If it ain't broke, don't fix it! "
I need to know whether I should just leaqve well enough alone, or go and have the MRA What are the risks?
Had a LP shunt and it stopped working. They installed VP shunt and symptoms came back after 2 weeks. They programmed it to flow as fast as possible, but I still have pressure in eyes, ears and neck. what should I do???
My mother got shunt 3 year back, at the time of begining we feel she lost her memory but after time goes she back to normal,that time was 61 yrs, thought age she had start losing memory and repeting one word whole day less sleeping weekness,
it is bear able but from the last year she had lice bunches of her head, we consult so many Pakistani specialist not effect used all differnet kind of shampoo, medicine no effect for the time being it clean after day of two agin the same bunch of lice even that bugs bigger then lice.
Please let us advice how we could removed completly, or what is the couse.
My son is 13 and recently had a shunt implanted, the shunt is working well but he had a brain bleed in the opposite side of where the shunt was implanted in result of this he had just had another surgery where two tubes where implanted to drain out the blood am I was told that in 5 days he will have another surgery to implant another shunt that will connect to the previous one, what toe of procedure is this called and what are the risk, I have search every web page and have not found anything similar that requires brain drainage for a couple I days then another surgery, I am worried been that it will be his third brain surgery in a space of a month.
My niece has recently had a shunt placed from her head to her stomach. During the surgery they removed the rickmans reservoir. Since the surgery she has been having violent outbursts, she cannot explain why and often doesn't remember doing it. This is very out of character for her and it's scaring her. Has the surgery caused this and can it be fixed?
Hi I am 32 years, I have my shunt for 30 years. My shunt is a high pressure shunt.I developed slit venticle sydrome. I experience headaches, vommiting and nausea quite often. most times I have to be hospitalised. Many opinions recieved, say that I need an operation. I should replace the shunt. but it is risky.
Mustafa Yoldas
Hello, My mom is 54 years old. She had a shunt surgery 20th of November. Since 9 days she is not eating at all. She had only 1 breakfast in that period. when she try to eat even 1 spoon, she vomited straight away. She has poor appetit, headache, nausea.. I have called her surgeon and he said that he need to see her tomography. Surgeon living in another city. So we have sent her tomography results to him, According to surgeon shunt is working properly. And i took my mom to another doctor, he also told me that shunt is working well. Then ı took her to the internist, He said that all is okay. There is no infection in her blood test as well, Yesterday Prof. who is her surgeon said that shunt is okay and she will get used to have shunt.
but still she doesn't eat anything.. What should i do? any advise? Is that normal?
Elizabeth Waltman
Do they have to shave your head to put a shunt in?
My Son he placed a shunt when he was 14 days old now he is two month and 11 days .his head become bigger he cry frequently his vain starting biger and very visible but the doc. Said its not shunt .what could it be.
WOW! I had no idea this subject was so diverse and after reading some of these stories I thought I'd share mine too. I'm 46 years old and just had a shunt replacement after 26 years. I was 19 the last time I had a replacement, and prior to that about 10 surgeries between age 13 and 19. However, I've been able to live a normal life, I have 4 healthy boys ranging between 23 and 14 years of age, and I even played High School and College Football. My two older boys have gotten football scholarships as well, one graduating this semester and the other two years from now. My 17 year old just finished playing his senior season in HS and is on his way to play college ball as well. My youngest will follow him, God willing. so, do not stop living your life or following your dreams because of this little hick-up.

Other than the inconvenience of making the trips to a California hospital (LA Children's Hospital) from Las Vegas, where we live, I never allowed this to keep me living a normal life. As a kid I hated having my head shaved but now I keep my head shaved anyway and when people see the scars in the back of my head look at me like I'm a bad-dude or biker, and every now and then, when people may ask what the scars are from I just take the time to make up some crazy story which is always fun. From a Lion attacked me, to a crazy car accident, to I was in Iraq a few years ago. However, I have never stopped living my life. I have lived a normal life and have had much success both personally and professionally. So, do not allow your life or that of your child or relative to be altered by this. Live, love and be an example to others, and take it from someone who did not allow life's circumstance to detour my dreams. If anything, use it as motivation to want to live more.
I hope this will serve peas motivation and drive to accomplish more in your life.
Hello Everyone,

My brother had a shunt put in for hydrocephalus when he was a baby. He is now 37 years old and one year ago, he had a new shunt put in because he was passing out and having seizures, complaining of headaches, vomiting, and had bulging eyes(they didn't want to remove the first shunt due to complications, so they inserted the second shunt). The second shunt is the only shunt being used. At the end of October, he began to seizure again, vomit, and complain about headaches. When he seizures, he becomes completely immobile. The doctors have done CT scans, MRI's, etc. and they say there is nothing wrong with his shunt, but all symptoms are indicative of hydrocephalus. Has anyone experienced this before? If so, what did you do? What was the diagnosis?
Hello Everyone,

My brother had a shunt put in for hydrocephalus when he was a baby. He is now 37 years old and one year ago, he had a new shunt put in because he was passing out and having seizures, complaining of headaches, vomiting, and had bulging eyes(they didn't want to remove the first shunt due to complications, so they inserted the second shunt). The second shunt is the only shunt being used. At the end of October, he began to seizure again, vomit, and complain about headaches. When he seizures, he becomes completely immobile. The doctors have done CT scans, MRI's, etc. and they say there is nothing wrong with his shunt, but all symptoms are indicative of hydrocephalus. Has anyone experienced this before? If so, what did you do? What was the diagnosis?
Hi everyone,

My daughter is going into surgery tomorrow to have a new shunt placed. She is seven yrs old and never had a problem until now. They just clampped the external ventricular drain. I am so nervous about this. Nurses keep coming in every 15 minutes and taking her vitals. And checking her eyes and asking lots of questions. I'm nit getting very many answers from them. So I'm hoping to find some relief from yall.
recall of shunts you all should know like the recall of cars they malfuction, so u all should look this
Grace harper
I've had a VP shunt for 7 years now and have had numerous scans since. However, when I went for my last scan, my neurosurgeon said that there was no change in the size of my ventricles but he didn't say what that meant. Any ideas?
My mum had a coil and shunt in her head passing to her right lung down to the stomach,doctor leave the tube there.
after begin found in the CT Scan she got bleeding in the head.Tubing was done two months go this year 2015.She is 70yrs old and already diagnosed with bronchietatsis.Every six months she has to see doctor for her lung problem her right lung is damaged,bcos of this the phlegm will accumulate and she will find difficult to breath and also difficult for her to spit out. Now is having stomach, headaches, right leg and left arm all very painful. X-ray was taken for left arm and it's show a bit dislocated. If there is infections, at the shunt site they will placed the shunt outside.I can see my mum is going through a lots of pains and suffering. She is very weak and eating very little and also her voice is very soft, when she speak i cannot hear what she is saying. I am so worried and confused and thinking that the neurosurgeons is doing the right procedure for my mum or not.Please give some informations on this. I would be very much appreciated.Thank you.
Yvonne Barrientes
I am 35 weeks pregnant and was just told that my baby is retaining fluid in both his ventricles. They thought is was a cyst and that it would go away. Well it didn't go away and it grew. We are being send to Driscoll children's hospital, where a special team of pediatrics doctors and a pediatric neuro-surgeon will attend to the baby as soon as it is born. More than likely they told us he would need surgery right away and they couldn't tell us if there is any type of damage. Of course this is very scary for us, the unknown. I was doing fine throughout the whole pregnancy till just a few days ago. I'm researching all I can on this and shunts placements. I'm overwhelmed with all this information, if you all have any advice please send. Thank you!!!
My son developed Hydrocephalus due to Arteriovenous malformation(AVM)in mid brain. He had a left ventricular shunt placed in his brain. He was 5 1/2 years old. Now he is 37 years old and has never had a problem with his shunt. I don't even know if the shunt is still functioning.
Hi, i have vp shunt before five month but now being vomiting and abnormal sometime . I did MRI and dr. told it needed replace bcz it's block and dr. told it can be again . What is the best treatment?? plz ans me .
mary banks
How aften show a shunt be replaced and it normal for a shunt to be replaced in two months!
Rebecca Thomas
My son had a VA shunt inserted when he was 3-months-old (back in the early ‘70s) … Duncan Forrest was the paediatric surgeon who performed my son’s shunt surgery at Westminster Children’s Hospital in London … unfortunately Mr Forrest was a ‘quack’ doctor … a despicable charlatan and fraudster who had arrived in England from New Zealand in the late ‘50s but was NEVER a (legitimately) qualified or even an experienced paediatric (neuro)surgeon??
YET within a decade Forrest was able to perform more than 300 shunt surgeries on babies and young children between 1967 and 1973 at WCH SOME (if not MOST) of whom were NOT authentically suffering from ‘hydrocephalus’ as HE had diagnosed and falsely claimed to their unsuspecting parents and families??
But WHY (you ask) would Forrest ‘fake’ the infants symptoms and fool their distraught parents into believing that the surgery to implant a prophylactic Spitz-Holter shunt system was the ONLY way to prevent the death of their child … the only option they had IF their baby was to survive this incurable life-threatening condition??
The answer (I believe) must have initially been for monetary gain and later the added lure of ‘fame’ … Forrest died in 2004 and WAS actually paid tribute to and eulogised for his pioneering paediatric surgical techniques using (specifically) Spitz-Holter shunts to ‘save’ hundreds of young children’s lives … HIS success rate was mightily impressive and soared during the (aforementioned) 6-year period when he (and only HE?) was performing the shunt surgeries which was in stark contrast to the earlier failures and abysmal infant mortality rate that had preceded Forrest’s ‘reign’??
Needless to say that MANY of those infants under Forrest’s care at WCH have long since either died or suffered permanent brain damage as a direct result of his botched and bogus ‘surgeries’ which have subsequently and systematically been covered-up, concealed and disguised by HUNDREDS (if not thousands) of latter-day neurosurgeons and neurologists??
Forrest desecrated and damaged SO MANY young infants bodies and brains UNNECESSARILY that IF the truth were ever to ‘come out’ and be exposed it would add even MORE notoriety and disrepute to the long list the medical profession has already ‘notched-up’??
Anyone reading WHAT I‘ve just written will no doubt think my serious ‘allegations’ to be simply outrageous, unthinkable and inconceivable BUT please rest assured that I have a TON of indisputable evidence which I’ve managed to accumulate over the last FIFTEEN years that ANYONE would find difficult to dispute or doubt??
I cannot emphasise enough to ALL the people above who have sent in their questions and made their worries and concerns known HOW important it is to arm themselves with as MUCH information about hydrocephalus as possible AND the intracranial ‘shunts’ that are invariably implanted to manage the condition??
A good place to start is by purchasing the book ‘HYDROCEPHALUS ~ A Guide for Patients, Families & Friends’ by Chuck Toporek & Kellie Robinson … it’s a rare and very informative book in a world where there seems to be FEW reliable sources of information on this particular subject and I HOPE you find it helpful!!
jamie brooks
Hi,My name is Jamie i had a shunt placed in my head on January of last year.They had to go in my head five times before they decided to place the shunt in.For the last two weeks i have had blurry eyes,lost of balance,cold feets and nose,weak and tired feeling cant stay woke unless i am doing something. It even stings and feels like something is draining!Should i go to the doctor or is this regular??? Feed back please!!! Thanks!!!
Hi,my nephew is diagnose with Meningitic Hydrocephalus.He is 4 years old now.Is he still qualified for any procedure or Shunt.His doctor said that there he is older now to get any procedure and or shunt and theres is nothing he can do for him.The only thing the family can do is get a Pediatrician as his regular doctor for regular check up.Give the best care and support from family until he die.I was just like.."What the F@&$!" how could a doctor say that.Very unhappy to that doctor.My nephew is in deepest pain since he was born and fighting till now he is 4years old.Most kids left in an early age with this condition and this is what i can hear? I hope anyone can give me a much clearer answer.Thanks
I go in tommorow morning to have a shunt put in...I have a cyst in my 3rd ventricle and it's not allowing fluids to drain. They are possibly putting in 2..1 on each side.. I was just wondering if they will give you something for pain afterwards or do you tough it out..thanks.
Hi, My son's neurologist says that there is overdrainage of CSF so there is a possibility that the natural path is open, is this a possibility?
I have VP shunt placed at 17 years. Now I am 28 having baby of 7 months. I get severe pain when I sleep on the right side where my VP shunt is placed. What could be causing this?
Hello: I will be having shunt surgery in three days. I am active in the sport of triathlon, mostly Ironman distance. After my surgery will I be able to continue with this sport? Thank you.
After having VP Shunt revision surgery I have sharp pains in my legs and arms and cold feet and numb toes is that normal.The surgery consisted of kinking off the tubing because of overdrainage.
I found this very interesting, thanks because i have recently had a ventricle shunt fitted,ive also got two previous shunts fitted as my brain tumour started producing alot of fluid and the first two shunts did not work well, the fluid was producing too quick so they fitted the ventricle shunt and it has been great for about 10 months, now all of a sudden i keep getting the feeling as if i have vertigo and my eyes play up, and it is most often when i stand up, i have been getting achy and what i call lightening headaches but lately ive been getting pain behind my right ear and yesterday it turned into my whole head - this site has made my mind up that i need to speak to my nuero department to raise this as an issue because i have never felt these types of headaches and feelings of nausea - thanks
natasha mackey
My daughter has had her shunt in from a week after birth she is now 13.About 2 years ago one of her eyes started looking funny took her to the doctor where she had to have her whole eye ball tested only to find out she had a shunt drainage.Dr Scott said that it was an old leakage and that nothing can be done to improve her vision.She cannot see out of one eye and the other has partial vision,can anything be done to help her
Yanique Campbell
Hi, my baby is one month old and will be getting a VP shunt soon. His head has expanded a lot. Will the surgery lead to a reduction in the size of his head?
I have had my shunt for about 2 years. After 15 months, my symptoms of falling, difficulty walking, memory loss returned. I had several scans which finally showed my tube had clogged, preventing the fluid from draining. I had surgery to correct the problem, but after 7 months, I'm nowhere near where I was before the tube became clogged. I have great difficulty walking and with my balance even though I had many weeks of therapy. The doctors said I had to "retrain my brain." I haven't been successful with that.
My granddaughter had a vp shunt put in when she was a week old due to hydrocephalus. When she was 9 it malfunctioned and she had to have a new one placed. The tubing had disintegrated in her stomach. She had infections due to the fact that they did not take all the tubing out of her chest because it had grew to it. After numbers surgery removal, about 7, and infections and PICC line, she is doing better, but lately at 19 now her dad (my son) and her sibling moved with the job and she has been taking Xanax due to anxiety. She has no appetite and her stomach is always hurting and a few headaches now and then. Can anyone tell me if this might be due to her shunt (the lack of appetite and the stomach pain).
I had to have one installed from a bad bike wreck. I tried to go back to work 3 -4 times before I just had to stop. the doctor told me that its set to work off a normal day and when my heart rate is up it stops working. If I don't sleep some time during the day I get bad head aches. I cant go all day.
What is life expectancy if a person decides not to get the shunt .
Ann L . Heit
Need help the neuro surgent has retired due to health complications, and the new doctor doesn't listen, or doesn't know what he's looking for or doesn't care .
shaheryar aslam
how much time does it requres after the operation (of SPINAL SHUNT wich is similar to VENTRICULAR SHUNT) that your numbness in the (COCCYX) end of the backbone will be recovered because i feel pain over that place when ever i an sitting. kindly reply me as soon as possible. THANKS in advance
shelley johnson
My 30 year old daughter was diagnosed with pseudo tumor cerebri 4/1/15. she does not have papilladema. she has been on 2000 mg of Diamox for over a year. she had a LP shunt that failed in October 2015, and in January 2016, they removed the LP shunt and placed a VP shunt. there have been 2 setting changes (most recently to 110 a couple of months ago). Her quality of life is terrible. she's lost 40 pounds (bmi now 20), because of the severe nausea. She has constant pressure in her head and becomes dizzy when she stands up (blacking out a couple of times). A shuntogram this week showed there is no mechanical failure of the shunt, and the opening pressure when they tapped the shunt during the shuntogram was -3. Her CT now shows slit ventricles. The next thing they've scheduled is a LP under fluoro. I'm a RN, and yet totally confused between what I read, and what we're told from neurology and neurosurgery. She has a nephrologist now due to the metabolic acidosis resulting from the Diamox, who wants her off the Diamox. She is treated at UC in Cincinnati. If you have any suggestions it would be an answer to prayer. I don't know how much longer she can suffer like this. She regrets getting the shunt (it was recommended because she kept having to have LP's due to opening pressures in the 30's, and the relief from those was short lived). She's a phlebotomist and hasn't been able to work in over a year now. she just wants to return to life.
Can a person have two shunts , my husband has had his replaced after 12 years, the new shunt is working but is not draining to 0 like the old shunt! What can be done, any medicine he can take? He's been in the ICU for 2 months!! Is it possible to train the new shunt? How long could that take?
Donna M Briggs
I have seizures and other medical problems and also have a fusion in my lower back.. And about two days ago I started having as what I can only describe as these wave like symptoms going on in my head while I'm laying perfectly still.. I don't understand why and what's going on... please someone try and explain something to me..
I'm 24 years,I had shunt since planted on the head to stomach I want to know if I can have a baby healthy without causing any problem to my self and the baby too.
Anastasia Alexopoulou
My father after a peritonitis had to remove his Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt and now they are going to place a Ventriculoatrial shunt. He has a pacemaker. Will the pacemaker complicate the Ventriculoatrial shunt? Please respond! Thank you
My son has a shunt and plays sledge hockey. He has played many years with it. After practice today my son came off the ice and was talking to me while kneeling then all of a sudden he began to faint, was complaining of blur vision, and dizziness. Later on he was also feeling very tired. Not sure if this was do to problems with the shunt or lack of fluid. He normally gets headaches when he physically inserts himself durn hockey. Should I get his shunt check
Nasim Akhtar
Hi, my son is six month old and will be getting a VP shunt soon. His head has expanded a lot. Will the surgery lead to a reduction in the size of his head but his not cry and communication how many time of development? Please respond! Thank you
John DeHeer
I have a medtronic strata valve recently I started suffering all the symptoms prior to being diagnosed with hydro cepphallis and the shunt being surgically installed I was squeezed into my drs schedule as he was leaving on vacation I suggested a cat scan he did not do that he did an x ray the x ray showed the shunt etc all intact He adjusted the rate of flow on shunt Little did we know I actually had a subdermal hematoma and the cat scan would have revealed this, By adjusting the shunt rate of flow I sufferred additional acute subdermal hematoma and that may have caused the other to worsen I ended up in emergency room where they discoverred this after cat scan had to be airlifted for emrgency surgery to place drains to drain blood that led to secere seizures and dillusions and hallucinations now months of therapy speech physical and occupational plus cognitive thinking issues shouldnt a cat scascan had been done
sanam ghazanfar
my daughter have shunt since when she is 3 month now she is 13 years old she have a shunt fited her brain some time she is acting v.harsh and v.hyper i felt she is 13 years old but she have mind a 5 to 6 years old baby that is gud sign for it and suggest me that if any think better medical treatment for her for her future she will be allrite than im v.thank full for u plz sugest me
I am a 62 year old male I was diagnosed with hydro cephalus and have a medtronic strata valve implanted, Recently my symptoms returned and they were rather exaggerated the dr and pa asked that I come in and they would squezze me in I went into office and the dr orderred x rays which he stated showed all was fine he then adjusted the rate of flow on the shunt, 2 days later I became violenty ill and it became an emergency I was taken to emergency room and the dr there orderred a cat scan the cat scan showed a grave condition a significant chronic subderal hematoma and also an acute subderal hematoma I was flown back to hospital for surgery they drilled a hole thru my skull inserted drains etc, I was released from hospitl and again 2 days later it would become an emergency with severe violent seizures I would be taken back to hospital and suffer hallucinations dillusions and more I am in real trouble now shouldnt the dr at original appt done cat scans where he would have seen hematoma
Patricia Russell
An xray was done on you for a shunt problem? That seems off. What hospital do you go to? Usually for a shunt problem they will do Ct head scan or a quick MRI of the head to determine if the ventricles are not draining. Then they also might do a shunt series of xrays on the chest to see that the tubing is intact. I have never ever taken my 17 year old daughter for a suspected shunt failure and been given an xray on her head. She has been shunted since birth and has head numerous partial and full shunt malfunctions and has always had either a Ct head scan or a quick MRI of the head depending on which hospital she has gone too. Remember this, do your homework. Not all neursurgeons are created equal. Not all hospitals are either.
My wife was in a serious ATV accident that left her in a coma for almost three months and she has a VP shunt recently she has been getting lumps stuck in her shunt, sometimes they are little and go away in an hour or so other times they are rather large and last for days, she also has epilepsy and when these larger lumps are stuck you can visibly see them sticking out and she has alot more seizures then normal, with headaches,bloody noses, and dizziness but once the lump makes it way to her stomach she is fine, usually a hot compress helps, but she has had one for the past two days and it just won't pass I am tired of getting the run around D from her doctors I and seeing her suffer can anyone help me with an answer to a easy way to get these bigger obes to pass quickly and what they may even be?
WHY IS THIS? NOT UNCOMMON TO HAVE MULTIPLE SHUNT REVISIONS? In our age of technology when we have iphones with chips the size of a pin head, why is it that no one can figure out how to improve the failure rate of a shunt?! ARE YOU KIDDING?! The shunt failure rate is also relatively high (of the 40,000 surgeries performed annually to treat hydrocephalus, only 30% are a patient's first surgery) and it is not uncommon for patients to have multiple shunt revisions within their lifetime.
If I ever get an illness where I have to depend on others to save me then please end my life dear lord! I'd rather die with dignity in private then be the victim of stupidity and greed!
Brendan Dwyer
I got my first VP Shunt in @ a year old; because the fluid kept building around the outer part of the brain. I have since got numerous shunt replacements but recently the neurosurgeon told my mum that there is too much scar tissue to insert the shunt into the abdomen and said there is only 2 more places the shunt can go;
The right or left lung was 1 or the upper heart chamber was another option.

I chose the right lung; but have been getting very sharp pains when I breath in and it has also been giving me a shortness of breath.
after taking almost two years of being sick, all the while leaking clear fluid out of the left side of my nose, I was finally diagnosed with a "slow CSF leak"
Three admissions, 14 days in the NCCU, 2 lumbar drains, 10 days on the surgical floor and one VP Shunt later I am home. Saw my neurosurgeon today had my stitches removed.
Surgery on the 14th of July, programmable strata shunt by Medtronic setting 0.5 which is set at the highest amount of drainage possible.

My concern is my short term memory is awful, and unable to find the correct word. I am a Respiratory Therapist, for 26 years, I don't know anything but ICU , ER and night shift. Can anyone share their experiences with memory loss, and remembering words. I have found anything with numbers almost impossible to remember, and why I am doing something, like "Why is the sink on?"

I am really afraid that I won't be able to work, Not a good thing if I can't remember why I walked into a patients room, or manage a ventilator in the ICU.

I am just really concerned?
I have a daughter who just had surgery and we were allowed to go home after a week from the surgery, but my question is what makes the shunt not work and why isn't the shunt working? She was all good when we were down with the doctors and the fluid was draining but since we have been home its coming back and we can see it cause her soft spot and where they put the rickhams reservoir has buldged up and the shunt doesn't seem to be draining as well. No visible redness and swollen areas around the shunt and when I touch her belly and feel she doesn't seem to be in pain. Can you please send me some things to help us out to see if it will go away and if not we might ring up the doctors to see what they say.
Danielle Yates
I had a good shunt placed on the right side of my head 2 1/2 yrs ago. Every since then I would get random sevearly bad headaches. I have the shunt removed after going through all the pain n throwing up and suffering of nausea and uneven walking and dizziness. Eyesight is still, most of the time, non focusing. I have noticed a lump on the right side of my neck and also a lump directly behind my ear on the large bone of my skull. Is this normal or should I be speaking with a Dr about it soon. The lump is not painful, just the incision about 2 1/2 inched above it hurts pretty bad. And feedback would really be helpful to me. I'm so tired of going the Dr. Why can't I want straight and have a normal life again? Very flustered. Please help
Danielle Yates
I had a good shunt placed on the right side of my head 2 1/2 yrs ago. Every since then I would get random sevearly bad headaches. I have the shunt removed after going through all the pain n throwing up and suffering of nausea and uneven walking and dizziness. Eyesight is still, most of the time, non focusing. I have noticed a lump on the right side of my neck and also a lump directly behind my ear on the large bone of my skull. Is this normal or should I be speaking with a Dr about it soon. The lump is not painful, just the incision about 2 1/2 inched above it hurts pretty bad. And feedback would really be helpful to me. I'm so tired of going the Dr. Why can't I want straight and have a normal life again? Very flustered. Please help
Thank you so much for this article. I had a VP shunt implant 25 years ago. I have been fine since then, though I used to have recurring severe headaches during my first 10 years. Otherwise I recovered 100 %. My VP shunt goes down the right side of my body to the abdomen. For Kate, who feels pains on the left side of her stomach, it does happen to me occasionally and my doctor says it is because of the VP shunt. Thank you all for sharing information, it does help and give hope to the community who has this medical condition.
Nyami- After getting my VP shunt my stomach felt terrible. The NS gave me stool softeners/laxatives after my surgery. I complained about the stomach problems to my internal medicine doctor and he took me off the stool softener and said that taking them an extended time could result in IBS. He put me on the FODMAP diet, an elimination diet, to determine what types of food might be irritating my VP now that the shunt was in there. Well, the FODMAP diet (look it up on the internet) worked like a charm to determine the types of food that irritated my PV area now with the shunt in it. I found I can no longer eat carrots, asparagus, artichokes, peas, onions, garlic powder, beans, and other foods with lots of roughage but at least my tummy issues have gone away.
Ruth Harney
I had a traumatic brain injury in 2000, and a shunt was inserted. I have been very fortunate with excellent results. A follow-up visit with the neurosurgeons a few years ago revealed that the shunt was still working. I had a second serious brain injury six years ago when I fell downstairs with a hematoma. I was released after intensive care treatment, followed by convalescent care. Once again, I was told that the shunt was still operative and should it need adjustment it would be a simple procedure. Should it need replacement, then the original shunt would not be removed, but a new one put in place. I am now 78 years old and will be eternally grateful to my team of surgeons. I have been able to participate in a business (Treasurer), serve as chairperson of a town agency, walk a mile or more daily, garden, knit, bake, dance, do all the things I always enjoyed.
Sandra hooper
I am 65 years of age. I was fine in the hospital. Now about 4 months later I get dizzy spells.and bad stomach cramps. My ears feel.plugged all the time. Very tired and am tired of being dizzy. Thanks for any help.
In 1984 at the age of 18, I was found to have a craniopharyngioma, a benign pituitary tumour and was told it wouldn't grow or cause any problems. I was put on HRT and, without my knowledge, as I grew, so seemingly did the tumour. I had horrendous head aches, my vision was going black and blotchy and I was sick all the time; even when out and about!! A scan revealed that the tumour had grown to the size of an egg and was pressing on the optic nerve. I had shunts put in my head draining down into my stomach followed by 5 seeks of radiation to shrink the tumour. I've since encountered blockages, with original shunts being left in place and new ones being put in, so currently have 4 in situ, but with only 2 working. What happens if shunts block but can't be removed or replaced - what are the alternative options open to us as pituitary patients? Does anyone know?
I had a VP Shunt placed when I was 11 & revised at the age of 16. I am presently 38. I have always suffered from headaches & as I've gotten older they have progressed into chronic severe migraines. They have gotten so bad I had to leave my career and now I hardly leave my home. Other symptoms have started (i.e. nausea, vomiting, dizziness, being klutzy, fatique, loss of bladder control, and I am easily confused & forgetful). I have been getting pains in my side but didn't think much of it until I read some of the other posts. I have been to the ER 5 times in the past 7 weeks due to these symptoms. I was admitted once and released the next day. I was told at another ER visit that my shunt was over-draining & sent home. The ER doctor said it could be adjusted in office. This was the 1st I had heard of this ability along with possibly having a magnet in the shunt. I know that shunts have come a long way in the past 10 years. My doctor never informed me of any of these things. My question is can a 22 yr old shunt be adjusted in office? I can NOT seem to get any answers and I feel like I'm back on the same wild goose chase before I had my first shunt surgery.
Stephanie Conlee
I had a VP shunt put in my right side of my brain and ending at my stomach due to fluid build-up after an auto accident when I was 18 mo old. I am now 43 years old. At night, when I roll over from my left side to my right, I can feel the shunt in my head and the only way to describe it is like the hard snap of a rubber band. When it happens, it hurts but goes away quickly. Last night though, it happened and it hurt so bad I screamed- and I still feel the aftermath pain several hours later. I am not sure if this is normal or what to do next! The shunt is no longer active. Do I have it removed?
My son has Spina Bifida with a ventricular shunt on the right side of his brain that is set at 70 pressure. He has gone off to college to another state and I would like to get him a medical bracelet. I would like to know how to abbreviate Spina Bifida, his ventricular shunt and the pressure of the shunt for the bracelet for it only allows so many characters. Can you help?
Laura Calderon
My husband is 81. He was diagnosed with Hydrocephalous.The Neurosurgeont installed a Lumbarperitoneal Shunt. It seems the Shunt is draining the CSF okay. But, since then he suffers the worse stabbing pains pretty often around his right ribs, where the catheter float and runs to join the Shunt. He has had Ecotomography, Scanner, X rays after the operation and the doctor says everything is okay and doesn't know what is causing the pain. What elese could it be?!!. It's so sad seen him screaming in such excruciating pain so often. Can you help him, please?!!
My daughter was born with spina bifida and hydrocephalus and she went into 3 surgeries. She's now 8months but I don't no why there are small insects that eat up where they operated her in the night
I have had my shunt in for 31 years. How long do they last. I have headaches all the time & scared it’s going to fail soon.
My husband had a VP Shunt inserted 2yrs ago. Over the past 2 weeks he has experienced very bad balance and his gait is dreadful, also he says if he turns his head or bends down there appears to be a pull on his head. He is 67 yrs old and due to Covid 19, fearful to go to a hospital. Any comments would be very much appreciated
I have had my vp shunt since I was 4 days old from and car wreck with my mom and have had about 2 surgerys. Only now I can't find a doctor that will be able to do the surgery... I have been in pain since my last surgery. The doctors replaced the tube but not the catheter and so I have had the catheter since I was 4 years old and my head everytime I wash my hair or brush my hair feels like my head is cracking or shifting constantly I am 18 and don't know who to see cause the doctors around me don't do catheters or shunts in general... I've had stabbing sharp pains in my side of my incision that shoots to my collarbone then sometimes to my head that will knock me out for a while... I also have had bad seizures since my head has been getting worse. My seizures can knock me out from 10 minutes to 6 to 8 hours... I am just looking for help cause I am basically out of options where I am at. My husband hasn't given up but I basically have cause I don't know what to do. I hope this help somehow...

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